English Lessons


Three Moods of Grammar

Even grammar can be "moody," but grammatical moods express the attitude of what a person is writing or saying. The three grammatical moods commonly used in English are the indicative, imperative, and subjunctive moods.


The indicative (or realis) mood is used to make a statement of fact:

You cannot outlast us and we will defeat you.
Caption 19, Barack Obama's Inauguration Day: Obama's Speech 

You will learn the true nature of the society we live in.
Caption 41, George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-four: BBC TV Movie

The imperative mood is for commands or requests:

Step away from your vehicle and put your hands on your head.
Captions 10-11, Movie Trailers: Men In Black

All emergency service cars please come to Vesey and West Streets!
Caption 4, World Trade Center: Story on the 2006 film

The subjunctive mood is used to express a a wish, desire, or something that has not yet happened. 

I'd like to have something interesting to do and I'd like to have nothing to do.
Caption 54, Leonard Nimoy: Talking about Mr. Spock

I would like to explain how we talk about the time in English.    
Caption 3: Lydia explains: the clock


Further Learning
Read more about grammatical moods and find examples on Yabla English to see them used in a real-world context.

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