In Part III of "Nationalities," we are going to continue Part I and Part II and talk about the names of the main languages that are spoken and the adjectives used to describe somebody from that country. Usually, the noun for the language spoken is the same as the adjective for somebody who resides there. Note that in English, unlike many other languages, even the adjectives for nationalities are usually written with a capital letter.
For example, in the country Spain, most people of Spanish nationality speak the Spanish language. But there are also exceptions: In the United States, most Americans speak English. It is interesting that the residents of the United States choose to call themselves "Americans," when in fact all of the people in the countries in North, Central, and South America could equally call themselves "Americans."
Let's take a look today at some countries we didn't discuss in the first two lessons whose country names and/or languages differ from the nationalities.
And look at that temperature in Brazil!
Caption 69, Side by Side - Beginners - The WeatherPlay Caption
This is also by Kobra, the Brazilian street artist.
Caption 16, John S in New York - KobraPlay Caption
I can speak Portuguese.
Captions 25-26, Side by Side - Beginners - Expressing abilitiesPlay Caption
In the country of Brazil, most Brazilian people speak the Portuguese language.
I come from Canada.
Caption 19, English Grammar in Use - Present SimplePlay Caption
Canadian kids are stepping up.
Caption 19, CBS News - The Easter Bunny in New ZealandPlay Caption
They brought many French words that became part of English.
Caption 46, The Alphabet - Introduction to the AlphabetPlay Caption
In the country of Canada, most Canadian people speak predominantly English or French. In the Canadian province Quebec, most people speak French and are called French Canadians.
The whole world was turned upside down by pictures from Ethiopia.
Caption 6, Make Poverty History - BonoPlay Caption
But a black runner never won the marathon until 1960,
when an Ethiopian runner did it barefoot.
Captions 11-12, Olympics 2012 - Fun FactsPlay Caption
In the country of Ethiopia, the dominant language spoken by the Ethiopian people is Amharic.
They were colonized by Spain, and so was the Philippines.
Caption 54, Turn Here Productions - San Francisco, CAPlay Caption
What's been the response to your winning from the Filipino people?
Caption 36, Miss World - Megan Young - Hello London!Play Caption
In the country of the Philippines, most of the Filipino people speak Filipino or Tagalog.
Go to Yabla English and find more videos that use some of the country names, dominant languages, and nationalities used above and listed below. You can also see a more complete list of countries, their people, and their languages here.
Country Language Nationality
Australia English Australian
Brazil Portuguese Brazilian
Chile Spanish Chilean
China Chinese Chinese
Egypt Arabic Egyptian
Hungary Hungarian Hungarian
Italy Italian Italian
Japan Japanese Japanese
Korea Korean Korean
Netherlands Dutch Dutch
Portugal Portuguese Portuguese
Russia Russian Russian
United States English American