On Sunday, April 5th, 2020, Queen Elizabeth II, the ruling monarch of the United Kingdom and the 16 Commonwealth realms, gave a speech to the nation about the coronavirus crisis. In our lesson today, let's take a look at some of the English terms she used in her address.
I'm speaking to you at what I know is an increasingly challenging time.Play Caption
The adjective "challenging" means "difficult and demanding" and is used to describe situations that test one's abilities.
A time of disruption in the life of our country, a disruption that has brought grief to some.Play Caption
The noun "disruption" means a break or interruption in the normal course or continuation of some activity or process.
Together we are tackling this disease, and I want to reassure you that if we remain united and resolute, then we will overcome it.Play Caption
The verb "to tackle" is often used as a sports term in American football and soccer, but in this case means "to deal with" something.
...that the attributes of self-discipline, of quiet, good-humored resolve, and of fellow feeling still characterize this country.Play Caption
An "attribute," a noun, means a "quality, character, or characteristic."
This time, we join with all nations across the globe in a common endeavor.Play Caption
The noun "endeavor" means a "serious determined effort" or an "activity directed toward a goal."
Using the great advances of science and our instinctive compassion to heal.Play Caption
The adjective "instinctive" is used to describe something that "comes from natural instinct" or something that "arises spontaneously." The noun "compassion" is described by the American Merriam-Webster Dictionary as "sympathetic consciousness of others' distress together with a desire to alleviate it" and by the British Oxford Dictionary as "sympathetic pity, and concern for the sufferings or misfortunes of others." It's interesting that the American definition additionally includes the urge to make the suffering stop, whereas the British definition defines it only as noticing another's suffering. I think we can safely presume that the Queen was including the American definition in her use of the word!