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To borrow y to lend: prestar.

El verbo español prestar equivale a los verbos ingleses to lend to borrow.

Tienes que pensar que "lend" es sinónimo de 'dar prestado', y que 'borrow' es sinónimo de 'tomar prestado'.

 

En inglés, el verbo to borrow significa tomar o utilizar algo que pertenece a otra persona durante un corto periodo de tiempo. El verbo to lend es dar algo a una persona durante un corto periodo de tiempo. Los hablantes de español suelen confundir estas dos palabras

 

En el siguiente ejemplo, Valentino presta la ropa y Sharon Stone la toma prestada. Al final, ella tiene que devolverlos.

 

So Valentino, the designer, lends me clothes to wear for appearances.

Así que Valentino, el diseñador, me presta ropa para usarla para [mis] apariciones.

Subtítulo 64, Ask Jimmy Carter Another interview with Sharon Stone

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La frase  lend a hand  (dar una mano) significa ayudar.

 

I would not lend a hand

Yo no daría una mano

Subtítulo 5, Phil Collins In The Air Tonight

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En la siguiente frase, Richard Wiseman le dice que utilice el dinero de su amigo para gastarle una broma.

 

Borrow a note from a friend. Ask them to place their hands palm down

Pida prestado un billete a un amigo. Pídales que pongan su mano con la palma hacia abajo

Subtítulo 49, Richard Wiseman 10 Bets You Will Always Win

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Así que ahora ya sabes que decir  "Peter  borrowed me ten dollars"  no es correcto. Tienes que decir o bien " Peter lent me ten dollars"  o  "I borrowed ten dollars from Peter." Nuestra Annette O´Neil del equipo de Yabla ha producido este video sobre los verbos to borrow y to lend. Te invitamos a verlo: English with Annette O'Neil - Formally and Informally Asking for Help - Part 1 of 3

 

Aprendizaje adicional

 

Los verbos to borrow y pedir to lend forman parte de las palabras que no podemos traducir literalmente en español. Presta atención los videos de  Yabla inglés en los cuales aparezcan estas palabras y elabora con ellas oraciones cotidianas que se te ocurran. 

Adverbios de frecuencia

Existe un conjunto estándar de adverbios (palabras que modifican los verbos) los cuales describen la frecuencia con la que ocurre algo, éstos van desde never (nunca) hasta always (siempre).

Veamos algunos ejemplos

 

 

I've never done that in my life. Do you think Goldstein's Brotherhood really exists?

Nunca lo he hecho en mi vida. ¿Crees que la Hermandad de Goldstein en verdad existe?

Subtítulo 70, George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-four BBC TV Movie - Part 13

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I very rarely have a day off.

Yo muy pocas veces tengo un día libre. 

Subtítulo11, Ask Jimmy Carter Another interview with Sharon Stone

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Do you have someone who can, kind o'... lower the air, take the air out of your tires occasionally?

¿Tienes alguien que pueda, como... bajarte el aire, sacarte el aire de los neumáticos de vez en cuando?

Subtítulos 40-41, Will Smith Enemy of the State - Part 1

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Well, when I write songs, I sometimes will write it on a piano

Bueno, cuando escribo canciones, a veces la escribo en un piano

Subtítulo 27, Bee and Flower Interview

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Whales feed at depth in waters that are often pitch dark.

Las ballenas se alimentan a profundidad en aguas que a menudo están totalmente oscuras,

Subtítulo 19, Sustainable Human How Whales Change Climate

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OK, I usually leave it to simmer a little bit. -OK.

Bueno, yo generalmente lo dejo a fuego lento un poco. -Muy bien.

Subtítulo 85, Diners, Drive-ins, and Dives Pam's Trinidadian Caribbean Kitchen - Part 2

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It is always held in Leicester Square.

Siempre se lleva a cabo en Leicester Square.

Subtítulo 25, In London with Lauren Piccadilly Circus

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Los adverbios están escritos en negrita arriba en orden creciente de frecuencia: nunca, rara vez, ocasionalmente, a veces, a menudo, normalmente o casi siempre, siempre.

 

Aprendizaje adicional 

Busque ejemplos de adverbios de frecuencia en inglés de Yabla Inglés para verlos usados en un contexto real. 

 

Traveling by Air in English

Before you travel by air for vacation or perhaps to visit a friend, it might be wise to review some of the basic words related to air travel. Firstly, the place you leave from:

 

I'm off to the airport! -Have a nice trip.

Caption 88, Ask Jimmy Carter - Another interview with Sharon Stone

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Then the vehicle that you use to travel with: 

 

In an airplane, there's always a front exit and sometimes there's a rear exit.

Caption 58, The Alphabet - the Letter R

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Then the action you carry out on the airplane:

 

But most of us can't just fly off to faraway places. Well, no flying is necessary when you've got Yabla.

Captions 7-8, Yabla Languages - Introduction to Yabla

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The verb "to fly," can mean to travel by airplane, and though you may not need to fly to learn a foreign language, it helps sometimes getting to you destination!

 

As we prepare for take-off, please relax and enjoy the flight.

Caption 89, Delta's Holiday - In-Flight Safety Video

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"Take-off" is when the airplane leaves the ground and takes to the air. In English, you say you are "catching a flight" to mean you are going to travel on an airplane.

 

Please power off all electronic devices during takeoff and landing.

Caption 51, Air New Zealand - An Unexpected Briefing

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"Landing" is, of course, the opposite of "takeoff" (note too that "take-off" may be spelled with or without a hyphen). "Electronic devices" include cellular phones, tablets, and laptop computers. 

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Further Learning
Go to this page and see some other examples of travel words in English, and then go to  Yabla English to find other examples of travel words used in a real-world context.

To borrow and to lend

In English, the verb to borrow means to take or use something that belongs to someone else for a short period of time. The verb to lend is to give something to a person for a short period of time. These two words often get mixed up by non-native speakers, so let's look at some examples. 

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In the following example, Valentino lends the clothes and Sharon Stone borrows the clothes. In the end, she has to give them back.

 

So Valentino, the designer, lends me clothes to wear for appearances.

Caption 64, Ask Jimmy Carter - Another interview with Sharon Stone

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The phrase "lend a hand" means "to help out."

 

I would not lend a hand

Caption 5, Phil Collins - In The Air Tonight

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In the following sentence, Richard Wiseman tells you to use your friend's money to play a trick on them.

 

Borrow a note from a friend. Ask them to place their hands palm down.

Caption 49, Richard Wiseman - 10 bets you will always win

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Of course, some people keep things for longer than they should...

 

You are so welcome to borrow her for the next, like, ten years or so.

Caption 5, Selena Gomez - Ramona And Beezus - Trailer

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So now you know that saying "Johnny borrowed me ten dollars" is completely wrong! You have to say either "Johnny lent me ten dollars" or "I borrowed ten dollars from Johnny."

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Further Learning
Write some sentences that begin with "I recently borrowed..." and "I recently lent..." Re-write the sentences above from Yabla English so that they use the other verb and remembering to change the subject and object of the sentence accordingly. 

Frequency Adverbs

There is a standard set of adverbs (words that modify verbs) that describe how often something happens, from not at all (never) to all the time (always). Let's see some examples from Yabla English.

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I've never done that in my life.

Caption 70, George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-four - BBC TV Movie

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I very rarely have a day off.

Caption 11, Ask Jimmy Carter - Another interview with Sharon Stone

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Do you have someone who can ... take the air out of your tires occasionally?

Captions 40-41, Will Smith - Enemy of the State - Part 1

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...I sometimes will write it on a piano.

Caption 27, Bee and Flower - Interview

 Play Caption

 

Whales feed at depth in waters that are often pitch dark.

Caption 19, Sustainable Human How Whales Change Climate

 Play Caption

 

I usually leave it to simmer a little bit.

Caption 85, Diners, Drive-ins, and Dives - Pam's Trinidadian Caribbean Kitchen

 Play Caption

 

It is always held in Leicester Square.

Caption 25, In London with Lauren - Piccadilly Circus

 Play Caption

 

The adverbs are written in bold above in increasing order of frequency: never, rarely, occasionally, sometimes, often, usually, always.

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Further Learning
Search for examples of frequency adverbs on Yabla English to see them used in a real-world context. 

Grammar

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