English Lessons

Topics

Gramática inglesa: pronombres

I really am passionate about this.

Realmente me apasiona esto.

Subtítulo 24, Business English - The Job Interview

 Play Caption

 

Great! Well, we are very excited to have you with us!

¡Estupendo! ¡Bueno, estamos muy contentos de tenerla con nosotros!

Subtítulo  16, Business English - Starting on a New Job

 Play Caption

 

El pronombre "You" de la segunda persona puede ser singular o plural y generalmente se refiere a la persona o personas a las que se dirige.

 

What will you have for lunch?

¿Qué vas a tomar de almuerzo?

Subtítulo 23, Caralie and Annie - Get to Know Each Other

 Play Caption

 

El pronombre de tercera persona se refiere a alguien distinto de la persona a la que tú estás hablando, y es "he" (hombre) o "she" (mujer) o "it" (objeto) en singular, "they" en plural:

 

Meanwhile, uh, Taylor Swift, she is elegant and we wish her luck this weekend.

Mientras tanto, eh, Taylor Swift, ella es elegante y le deseamos suerte este fin de semana.

Subtítulo 32, Taylor Swift - Prom Party

 Play Caption

 

And when British scientists first saw a platypus, they thought it was a hoax.

Y cuando los científicos británicos vieron un ornitorrinco por primera vez, creyeron que era un fraude.

Subtítulo 7, Soccer World Cup - Australia

 Play Caption

 

Aprendizaje adicional

 

Lea el artículo sobre el pronombre personal en Inglés en tu lengua materna para ayudarte a entender lo básico. Escribe una frase sencilla en tu lengua materna para cada uno de los pronombres personales y tradúcelos al inglés. Busca algunos pronombres personales en Yabla English y ve diferentes ejemplos y cómo se usan según el contexto. 

 

(Versión en español: Antonio Fuentes)

Making Phone Calls in English

Making a phone call in a language that is not your mother tongue can be quite nerve-racking! For this month's newsletter, we'll look some phrases that are commonly used in both formal and informal phone conversations.

BANNER PLACEHOLDER

People generally answer the phone “Hello?” on their private line, with “[Last name] residence” on a family home phone number, or more formally by using the word “speaking.”

 

Hi, this is the Irish Press, Daniel speaking.

Caption 44, Business English - Starting on a new job - Part 2

 Play Caption

 

When you make a call, you will first need to introduce yourself. 

 

Hello, this is Daniel. -Hi Daniel, this is Julia from Phonez and More.

Caption 10, Business English - Difficulties with coworkers and contracts - Part 2

 Play Caption

 

Uh, hi, Jonathan. It's Julia Smith for the marketing department interview.

Caption 7, Business English - The job interview - Part 2

 Play Caption

 

You might then need to ask if the person you want to speak to is available. The informal version is “Is [name] there?”, but for formal calls it’s better to use the following:

 

May I please speak to Daniel in advertising sales?

Caption 9, Business English - Difficulties with coworkers and contracts - Part 2

 Play Caption

 

Sometimes you might want to state the purpose of your call right away, so that the person answering can re-direct your call to someone who can help you.

 

Hi, I'm calling about an apartment that I saw listed on Craig's List?

Caption 33, Jessica and Liz - how much and how many

 Play Caption

 

The formal way to conclude a phone conversation might involve thanking the person or setting up a next time to talk. 

 

Have a good day and I'll talk to you soon. 'Bye. -Goodbye.

Caption 56, Business English - Difficulties with coworkers and contracts - Part 2

 Play Caption

 

Of course, between friends, even if they are cartoon characters, much more informal goodbyes are possible: 

 

I'll talk to ya later, Mick. I gotta go.

Caption 32, A Mickey Mouse Cartoon - Goofy's Grandma

 Play Caption

BANNER PLACEHOLDER

Further Learning
Watch the business English videos linked above on Yabla English to hear the sentences in the full context of a formal conversation. This helpful webpage provides additional telephone conversations with both audio and a transcription available.

Where it's at!

A preposition is a type of word that express spatial or temporal relations. Here is a list of known English prepositions. There is no set of rules for learning prepositions, and the prepositions from one language often do not translate directly into another. It's best to learn English prepositions by getting used to using them in context. Today, let's take a look at the preposition "at."

BANNER PLACEHOLDER

The preposition "at" can be used to express the time of day: 

 

And at three o'clock the Queen comes on and she gives her speech.

Caption 24, Christmas traditions - in the UK

 Play Caption

 

Or to indicate a place: 

 

As you can see behind me, we are at Buckingham Palace.

Caption 1, In London with Lauren - Buckingham Palace

 Play Caption

 

Or to indicate an activity or proficiency with something:

 

So I'm very good at working as part of a team.

Caption 34, Business English - The job interview - Part 2

 Play Caption

 

Or very commonly when mentioning an email address. The "at symbol" (@) in an email address is also called... at!

 

You can email us at...

Caption 50, The Egoscue Clinic of Austin - Exercises for low back pain

 Play Caption

 

BANNER PLACEHOLDER

Further Learning
Search for examples of the preposition "at" on Yabla English to see them used in a real-world context. 

English Grammar: Pronouns

A personal pronoun is a word that substitutes for a noun representing people, animals or objects.

BANNER PLACEHOLDER


The first person singular pronoun "I" usually refers to yourself (or the speaker). In the plural form it is "we."

 

I really am passionate about this.

Caption 24, Business English - The job interview

 Play Caption

 

Well, we are very excited to have you with us!

Caption 16, Business English - Starting on a new job

 Play Caption

 

The second person pronoun "you" can be singular or plural and usually refers to the person or persons you are addressing.

 

What will you have for lunch?

Caption 23, Caralie and Annie - Get to know each other

 Play Caption

 

The third person pronoun refers to someone other than the person you are speaking to, and is "he" (male) or "she" (female) or "it" (object) in singular, "they" in plural:

 

She is elegant and we wish her luck this weekend.

Caption 32, Taylor Swift Prom Party

 Play Caption

 

They thought it was a hoax.

Caption 7, Soccer World Cup - Australia

 Play Caption

 

BANNER PLACEHOLDER

Further Learning
Read the personal pronoun article in English and in your native language to help you understand the basics. Write a simple sentence in your native language for each of the personal pronouns, then translate them to English. Search for some personal pronouns on Yabla English and see some different examples of how they are used in context.

Vocabulary

You May Also Like