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Adverbios de frecuencia

Existe un conjunto estándar de adverbios (palabras que modifican los verbos) los cuales describen la frecuencia con la que ocurre algo, éstos van desde never (nunca) hasta always (siempre).

Veamos algunos ejemplos

 

 

I've never done that in my life. Do you think Goldstein's Brotherhood really exists?

Nunca lo he hecho en mi vida. ¿Crees que la Hermandad de Goldstein en verdad existe?

Subtítulo 70, George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-four BBC TV Movie - Part 13

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I very rarely have a day off.

Yo muy pocas veces tengo un día libre. 

Subtítulo11, Ask Jimmy Carter Another interview with Sharon Stone

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Do you have someone who can, kind o'... lower the air, take the air out of your tires occasionally?

¿Tienes alguien que pueda, como... bajarte el aire, sacarte el aire de los neumáticos de vez en cuando?

Subtítulos 40-41, Will Smith Enemy of the State - Part 1

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Well, when I write songs, I sometimes will write it on a piano

Bueno, cuando escribo canciones, a veces la escribo en un piano

Subtítulo 27, Bee and Flower Interview

 Play Caption

 

Whales feed at depth in waters that are often pitch dark.

Las ballenas se alimentan a profundidad en aguas que a menudo están totalmente oscuras,

Subtítulo 19, Sustainable Human How Whales Change Climate

 Play Caption

 

OK, I usually leave it to simmer a little bit. -OK.

Bueno, yo generalmente lo dejo a fuego lento un poco. -Muy bien.

Subtítulo 85, Diners, Drive-ins, and Dives Pam's Trinidadian Caribbean Kitchen - Part 2

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It is always held in Leicester Square.

Siempre se lleva a cabo en Leicester Square.

Subtítulo 25, In London with Lauren Piccadilly Circus

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Los adverbios están escritos en negrita arriba en orden creciente de frecuencia: nunca, rara vez, ocasionalmente, a veces, a menudo, normalmente o casi siempre, siempre.

 

Aprendizaje adicional 

Busque ejemplos de adverbios de frecuencia en inglés de Yabla Inglés para verlos usados en un contexto real. 

 

Los tiempos simples del verbo

El tiempo simple, en sus formas presente, pasado y futuro, se llama "simple" porque consiste en una sola palabra,

-¿Una sola palabra?

 

Si el verbo aparece solo, a diferencia de otros tiempos verbales como presente progresivo (present continuos): I am studying english grammar, o el presente perfecto (present perfect): she has studied english grammar. La forma en primera persona del tiempo presente simple es casi siempre la misma que la forma del diccionario del verbo.

 

Con el verbo "write" (escribir), por ejemplo, el presente simple en primera persona es "I write" (yo escribo).

 

Well, when I write songs, I sometimes will write it on a piano.

Bueno, cuando escribo canciones, a veces la escribo en un piano.

Caption 27, Bee and Flower - Interview

 Play Caption

 

En tiempo pasado simple, la forma básica "write" cambia a "wrote". Algunos verbos básicos sólo añaden "-ed" para formar el pasado, pero muchos son irregulares, es decir, sus tres tiempos básicos (presente, pasado, futuro) son ligeramente diferentes entre ellos y serán aprendidos de memoria.

 

I wrote this song and I wanted it to be this alive product.

Escribí esta canción y quería que fuera un producto vivo.

Caption 35, Rise Up and Sing - Recording the Song

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El tiempo futuro simple consiste en añadir "will" (o "shall") antes del verbo:

 

You know, Tammy will write a song and then record it on her laptop.

Ya sabes, Tammy escribe una canción y luego la graba en su computadora portátil.

Caption 92, Royalchord - Interview

 Play Caption

 

Aprendizaje adicional 

 

Echa un vistazo a esta lista de verbos básicos y sus tiempos pasados simples irregulares, y busca en Yabla English, en uno de tus videos favoritos, para ver cómo se usan en contexto.

 

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Frequency Adverbs

There is a standard set of adverbs (words that modify verbs) that describe how often something happens, from not at all (never) to all the time (always). Let's see some examples from Yabla English.

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I've never done that in my life.

Caption 70, George Orwell's Nineteen Eighty-four - BBC TV Movie

 Play Caption

 

I very rarely have a day off.

Caption 11, Ask Jimmy Carter - Another interview with Sharon Stone

 Play Caption

 

Do you have someone who can ... take the air out of your tires occasionally?

Captions 40-41, Will Smith - Enemy of the State - Part 1

 Play Caption

 

...I sometimes will write it on a piano.

Caption 27, Bee and Flower - Interview

 Play Caption

 

Whales feed at depth in waters that are often pitch dark.

Caption 19, Sustainable Human How Whales Change Climate

 Play Caption

 

I usually leave it to simmer a little bit.

Caption 85, Diners, Drive-ins, and Dives - Pam's Trinidadian Caribbean Kitchen

 Play Caption

 

It is always held in Leicester Square.

Caption 25, In London with Lauren - Piccadilly Circus

 Play Caption

 

The adverbs are written in bold above in increasing order of frequency: never, rarely, occasionally, sometimes, often, usually, always.

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Further Learning
Search for examples of frequency adverbs on Yabla English to see them used in a real-world context. 

Grammar

The Simple Tense

The simple tense, in its present, past and future forms, is called "simple" because it consists of just one word, unlike other verb tenses such as present progressive and present perfect. The first-person form of the simple present tense is almost always the same as the dictionary form of the verb.

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With the verb "to write," for example, the simple present tense in first person is "I write."

 

Well, when I write songs...

Caption 27, Bee and Flower - Interview

 Play Caption

 

In the simple past tense, the basic form "write" changes to "wrote." Some basic verbs just add "-ed" to become past tense, but many are irregular and must be learned.

 

I wrote this song.

Caption 35, Rise Up And Sing - Recording the song

 Play Caption

 

The simple future tense consist of adding "will" (or "shall") before the verb:

 

Tammy will write a song and then record it on her laptop.

Caption 92, Royalchord - Interview

 Play Caption

 

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Further Learning 
Take a look at this list of basic verbs and their irregular simple past tenses, and search Yabla English for some of your favorites to see how they are used in context.

Grammar

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