This lesson is Part II of a series. "Colloquial" means "casual" as opposed to "formal," and a "contraction" is just the shortening of words. Let's continue discussing some of the ways that words are shortened in casual speech in American English in ways that are not used in formal writing.
So, lemme just show you.Play Caption
Lemme recharge it, OK?
Caption 17, Hemispheres - The Amazing Cell PhonePlay Caption
"Lemme" is an informal contraction of "let me."
I dunno, it's kind of like they don't have any…
Caption 55, Ed Sheeran - Interview with Ellen DeGeneresPlay Caption
“Dunno" is easy. It combines the words "don't" and "know,"
and it is a response word used to express confusion.
Captions 27-29, English with Annette O'Neil - Colloquial ContractionsPlay Caption
The next contraction is a bit more difficult:
I gotcha, I gotcha, OK.
Caption 21, Plain White T's - Visit the VEVO OfficePlay Caption
Similarly, the colloquial contraction "gotcha" isn't a grammatical superstar.
It combines the words "got" and "you,"
and is used to express casual assent.
Where's the button just to make one espresso? Gotcha.
Captions 21-26, English with Annette O'Neil - Colloquial ContractionsPlay Caption
"Gotcha" is a colloquial contraction of "to get" something, in the sense of "to understand" something. If you say "I gotcha," it's a colloquial way of saying "I get it" or "I understand you."
Nine times outta ten there's no manual on these things.
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Get me security, get him outta here!
Caption 46, People's Choice - Kaley Cuoco OpeningPlay Caption
"Outta" is an informal contraction for "out of." It's also common to hear the expression "I'm outta here!" for "I am leaving," which is what I'll leave you with for this lesson!
Watch this video on Yabla English to learn about more contractions, and search the videos on Yabla English for more examples of these colloquial contractions used in a real world context.